Variags of Khand
Other Names: Men of Khand
[1899 - 1944 III, between the Battle against the Wainriders at Dagorlad and the Invasion of Gondor by Wainriders and Haradrim:]
Many of the Wainriders now passed south of Mordor and made alliance with men of Khand and of Near Harad; and in this great assault from north and south, Gondor came near to destruction.
The Return of the King, LoTR Appendix A, Annals of the Kings and Rulers: Gondor and the Heirs of Anárion
[15 March 3019, the Battle of the Pelennor:]
... new strength came now streaming to the field out of Osgiliath. There they had been mustered for the sack of the City and the rape of Gondor, waiting on the call of their Captain. He now was destroyed; but Gothmog the lieutenant of Morgul had flung them into the fray; Easterlings with axes, and Variags of Khand, Southrons in scarlet, and out of Far Harad black men like half-trolls with white eyes and red tongues. ...
East rode the knights of Dol Amroth driving the enemy before them: troll-men and Variags and orcs that hated the sunlight. South strode Éomer and men fled before his face, and they were caught between the hammer and the anvil.
The Return of the King, LoTR Book 5, Ch 6, The Battle of the Pelennor Fields
Of the speech of Men of the East and allies of Sauron all that appears is múmak, a name of the great elephant of the Harad. ... my father in a similar addition named beside múmak also Variag and Khand....
The Peoples of Middle-Earth, HoME Vol 12, Part 1, Ch 2, The Appendix on Languages: Commentary
Elena Tiriel 3Dec04