1 Gil-galad was actually Galadriel’s second cousin (son of her first cousin Fingon), but from what I understand of mediaeval customs, the general term "cousin" was often loosely used in that sort of situation.
2 "[Galadriel’s] voice was clear and musical, but deeper than woman’s wont" ("The Mirror of Galadriel", The Lord of the Rings).
3 "For Fëanor beheld the hair of Galadriel with wonder and delight. He begged three times for a tress, but Galadriel would not give him even one hair" ("The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", Unfinished Tales).
4 As you might have guessed, these will go on to become the three Elven rings, by whose power Galadriel, Gandalf, and Elrond were able to withstand Sauron’s power in the Third Age. "’Those who made [the Three] did not desire strength or domination or hoarded wealth, but understanding, making, and healing, to preserve all things unstained’" ("The Council of Elrond, LotR).
5 "So great became [Sauron’s] hold on the Mírdain that at length he persuaded them to revolt against Galadriel and Celeborn and to seize power in Eregion" ("The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", UT).
6 Which is, of course, the Elessar, which makes its way much later to Aragorn II.
nárenya – Quenya, "my fire", "my flame"
FYI: I know little to nothing about metallurgy; quite a lot of my information for this story came from Johnny Tremain, so it all depends on how trustworthy that book is as a source :-) Essentially: fellow novices, don’t take my word for gospel; experts, if you see any glaring errors, please do me the favour of pointing them out!
The ring thing
"…the betrothal was announced at a meeting of the two houses concerned, and the betrothed gave silver rings one to another. …Then at a feast, again shared by the two houses, the marriage was celebrated. … The betrothed then received back one from the other their silver rings (and treasured them); but they gave in exchange slender rings of gold, which were worn upon the index of the right hand" ("Laws and Customs of the Eldar", Morgoth’s Ring).
Hence the significance of the silver rings – both the first that Celebrimbor makes, which is a true betrothal ring, and the second, which falls short of being a betrothal ring in that it is not fitted for the index finger (I assume that betrothal rings were worn on the index finger, as wedding rings were.)
What’s with all these names?!
"It is said in an essay concerning the customs of name-giving among the Eldar in Valinor that they had two "given names" (essi), of which the first was given at birth by the father; and his one usually recalled the father's own name, resembling it in sense or form, or might even be actually the same as the father's, to which some distinguishing prefix might be added later, when the child was full-grown. The second name was given later, sometimes much later but sometimes soon after the birth, by the mother; and these mother-names had great significance, for the mothers of the Eldar had insight into the characters and abilities of their children, and many also had the gift of prophetic foresight. In addition, any of the Eldar might acquire an epessë ("after-name"), not necessarily given by their own kin, a nickname –mostly given as a title of admiration or honour; and an epessë might become the name generally used and recognised in later song and history (as was the case, for instance, with Ereinion, always known by his epessë Gil-galad)" ("The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", Appendix E, UT).
That said, now comes the task of explaining what names used herein are father-names, mother-names, etc. Of Galadriel’s, the ones of least significance in this story are her father-name, Artanis ("noble woman") and her mother-name, Nerwen ("man-maiden"). Altáriel, one of Galadriel’s (many) epessi, means "maiden crowned by a radiant garland", in reference to her hair, and was given to her by Celeborn in one of the various renderings of the story concerning these two characters – here I’ve employed a bit of creative licence and made Celebrimbor the one to name her thus. Galadriel, yet another epessë, is said to be merely the Sindarin rendering of Altáriel, although its literal meaning is more along the lines of "lady of light" (cf. Gil-galad, "star of light").
Telperinquar and Celebrimbor both mean "Silver-fist" – the former is Quenya, the latter Sindarin. Tyelpë, the nickname that Galadriel gives to Celebrimbor, is not so much an epessë in the true meaning of the word, since it is only a shortening of his name rather than "a title of admiration or honour." His full name Telperinquar is made up of the elements telpë, "silver", and quárë, "fist." I have chosen to use tyelpë rather than telpë because the first is the true Quenya word; the other is truly Telerin in origin, although it was naturalised into Quenya "for the Teleri prized silver above gold, and their skill as silversmiths was esteemed even by the Noldor" ("The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", Appendix E, UT).
Arafinwë is the Quenya rendering of Finarfin, third son of Finwë; Fëanáro is Quenya for the infamous Fëanor. Curufinwion means "son of Curufinwë" or Curufin, fifth son of Fëanor.
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