Ballads are very rhythmic, like the backing beat of a song.
They are written in stanzas of four lines each in iambic beats, where lines 1 and 3 have four beats (da-DUM, da-DUM, da-DUM, da-DUM) and lines 2 and 4 have three beats (da-DUM, da-DUM, da-DUM). Lines 2 and 4 also rhyme.
Generally they're used for gruesome or funny stories, so a funny example is from Alice in Wonderland, the poem called 'You are Old Father William:
'You are old, Father William', the young man said,
'And your hair has become very white;
And yet you incessantly stand on your head --
Do you think, at your age, it is right?'
You can play around with the form a bit and rhyme in other places, and go for stanzas of six lines. Here's possibly the best known verse from The Walrus and the Carpenter, from Through the Looking Glass:
"The time has come," the Walrus said,
"To talk of many things:
Of shoes--and ships--and sealing-wax--
Of cabbages--and kings--
And why the sea is boiling hot--
And whether pigs have wings."
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