Places in Middle-earth
Meaning: southern lookout
Then slowly [Ungoliant] wrought her webs... from jutting rock to pinnacle of stone, ever climbing upwards..., until at last she reached the very summit of Hyarmentir, the highest mountain in that region of the world, far south of great Taniquetil. There the Valar were not vigilant; for west of the Pelóri was an empty land in twilight, and eastward the mountains looked out, save for forgotten Avathar, only upon the dim waters of the pathless sea. But now upon the mountain-top... Melkor climbed... and stood beside her, looking down upon the Guarded Realm. Below them lay the woods of Oromë, and westward shimmered the fields and pastures of Yavanna, gold beneath the tall wheat of the gods. But Melkor looked north, and saw afar the shining plain, and the silver domes of Valmar gleaming in the mingling of the lights of Telperion and Laurelin.
The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Ch 8, Of The Darkening of Valinor
hyarmen 'south' (Quenya) in Hyarmentir; Sindarin har-, harn, harad....
tir 'watch, watch over' in Minas Tirith, palantíri, Tar-Palantir, Tirion.
The Silmarillion, Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names
Contributors: Elena Tiriel 20Nov09